Sunday, May 19, 2024
Banking QuizCA Quizzes (English)

Current Affairs Quiz: April 14 &15, 2024

  1. What recent initiative has the Election Commission of India (ECI) introduced to facilitate voting for elderly citizens aged above 85 years and Persons with Disabilities (PwDs) with a benchmark disability of 40% during the 2024 Lok Sabha elections?
    A) Online voting
    B) Mobile voting stations
    C) Home voting
    D) Extended polling hours
    E) None of the above
    View Answer
    Option C
    Explanation:

    The Election Commission of India (ECI) has introduced home voting for the first time in a Lok Sabha Election. This initiative aims to make voting easier for elderly citizens and Persons with Disabilities (PwDs) during the 2024 Lok Sabha elections. Now, voters above 85 years of age and PwDs with 40% benchmark disability can choose to vote from home.
  2. What did the ‘2024 Financing for Sustainable Development Report: Financing for Development at a Crossroads (FSDR 2024)’ highlight about India?
    A) India’s investment climate is weakening due to global economic challenges.
    B) India is experiencing a decline in foreign direct investment.
    C) Multinational corporations view India as an attractive alternative manufacturing base.
    D) India’s supply chain has become vulnerable due to overreliance on developed economies.
    E) None of the above
    View Answer
    Option C
    Explanation:

    India is benefiting from growing interest from multinationals, which see it as an alternative manufacturing base in the context of developed economies’ supply chain diversification strategies, a flagship report by the UN has said, underlining that investment in the country remains strong.
    The ‘2024 Financing for Sustainable Development Report: Financing for Development at a Crossroads (FSDR 2024)’ launched said that urgent steps are needed to mobilise financing at scale to close the development financing gap, now estimated at 4.2 trillion dollars annually, up from 2.5 trillion dollars before the COVID-19 pandemic. underlining that investment in the country remains strong.
  3. What recent contribution did India make to Nepal to enhance local infrastructure in the health and education sectors?
    A) Donated medical supplies
    B) Constructed new hospitals and schools
    C) Provided financial assistance for infrastructure development
    D) Donated 35 ambulances and 66 school buses
    E) None of the above
    View Answer
    Option D
    Explanation:

    India donated 35 ambulances and 66 school buses to various organisations across Nepal, enhancing the local infrastructure in the health and education sectors.
  4. In the recent cyber threat rankings, which countries occupied the top two positions, and where did India rank among them?
    A) China and the United States; India ranked 3rd.
    B) Russia and Ukraine; India ranked 10th.
    C) Brazil and Germany; India ranked 5th.
    D) Japan and South Korea; India ranked 7th.
    E) None of the above
    View Answer
    Option B
    Explanation:

    A new World Cybercrime Index developed by researchers shows that a majority of cybercriminals come from just a few countries,The top two positions were held by Russia and Ukraine.India captured the number 10 spot on the rankings, getting a score of 7.90 for impact, 6.60 for professionalism of cybercriminals, and 6.65 for technical skills
  5. In Bangladesh, what traditional celebration marks the beginning of the Bangla New Year, featuring a vibrant performance by the cultural group Chhayanaut at the historic Ramna Park in Dhaka?
    A) Dhaka Cultural Festival
    B) Ramna Park Annual Celebration
    C) Diwali
    D) Pahela Baisakh
    E) None of the above
    View Answer
    Option D
    Explanation:

    The Bangla New Year ‘Pahela Baisakh’ is being celebrated in Bangladesh with traditional enthusiasm and fervour. The day began with a grand performance by the cultural group Chhayanaut at the ‘Batmool’, the Banyan root, at the historic Ramana Park in Dhaka.
  6. How does India contribute to global plastic waste according to the Plastic Overshoot Day report?
    A) India produces the highest per capita plastic waste in the world.
    B) India is responsible for 60 percent of the planet’s mismanaged plastic waste.
    C) India has successfully reduced its plastic waste production to below global average.
    D) India’s plastic waste generation has decreased by 7.11 percent since 2021.
    E) None of the above
    View Answer
    Option B
    Explanation:

    India is among the twelve countries responsible for 60 percent of the planet’s mismanaged plastic waste though the fast-developing South Asian nation’s per capita plastic waste production is among the lowest in the world, according to a new report.The Plastic Overshoot Day report by Swiss non-profit EA Earth Action also said global plastic waste generation has risen by 7.11 per cent since 2021.
  7. What is the name of the joint military exercise between India and Uzbekistan, the 5th edition of which is set to begin on April 15 in the Termez district of Uzbekistan?
    A) Operation Silk Road
    B) Dustlik
    C) Exercise Indo-Uzbek Unity
    D) Joint Frontier Defense Exercise
    E) Exercise Desert Hawk
    View Answer
    Option B
    Explanation:

    The 5th edition of the ‘Dustlik’ joint military exercise between India and Uzbekistan will take place in the Termez district of Uzbekistan starting from April 15. Exercise Dustlik 2024 is the 5th edition of the joint military exercise ‘DUSTLIK’ between India and Uzbekistan.
  8. What action did the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) take in response to the financial troubles faced by Maharashtra-based Shirpur Merchants’ Co-operative Bank?
    A) Initiated a merger with a larger financial institution
    B) Provided financial assistance to the bank
    C) Imposed restrictions on branch expansion
    D) Imposed restrictions on customer fund withdrawals
    E) Imposed penalties on the bank’s management
    View Answer
    Option D
    Explanation:

    The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) imposed several restrictions on Maharashtra-based Shirpur Merchants’ Co-operative Bank, including withdrawal of funds by customers, in the wake of the lender’s deteriorating financial position.
  9. What recent strategic move has the India Electronics and Semiconductor Association (IESA) made to strengthen India’s semiconductor industry?
    A) Signed a trade agreement with a semiconductor manufacturer
    B) Established a semiconductor research center
    C) Formed a partnership with a global industry association SEMI
    D) Launched a semiconductor training program
    E) None of the above
    View Answer
    Option C
    Explanation:

    Giving a fillip to the country’s semiconductor industry, the India Electronics and Semiconductor Association (IESA) has forged an alliance with global industry association SEMI.
  10. According to Deloitte India’s Tech Trends report, what is the estimated revenue for India’s technology sector in FY24?
    A) $254 billion
    B) $234 billion
    C) $268 billion
    D) $280 billion
    E) None of the above
    View Answer
    Option A
    Explanation:

    India continues to lead the global technology sector despite global economic uncertainties, according to Deloitte India’s Tech Trends report. It estimates FY24 revenue of $254 billion for India’s tech sector, 3.8 percent y-o-y growth.
  11. According to Counterpoint Research Market Outlook, which country is projected to become the third largest market for Apple by 2026?
    A) Japan
    B) India
    C) UK
    D) China
    E) None of the above
    View Answer
    Option B
    Explanation:

    India is likely to surpass Japan and UK to become the third largest market for Apple in terms of shipments in 2026, according to Counterpoint Research Market Outlook.
  12. What is the estimated total IT spending expected to reach in India in 2024, according to International Data Corporation (IDC)?
    A) $40 billion
    B) $44 billion
    C) $50 billion
    D) $38 billion
    E) $402 billion
    View Answer
    Option B
    Explanation:

    IT spending in India for 2024 is expected to grow 11 per cent year-on-year, reaching $44 billion in 2024, according to International Data Corporation (IDC).
  13. In the recent limited rollout of an integrated AI feature by Meta-owned WhatsApp, what is the key requirement for users to gain early access to Meta’s artificial intelligence technology?
    A) Having a premium subscription to WhatsApp
    B) Updating to the latest version of WhatsApp on iOS and Android platforms
    C) Setting the app language to English in certain undisclosed countries
    D) Being a long-time WhatsApp user
    E) Having a verified account on WhatsApp
    View Answer
    Option B
    Explanation:

    Meta-owned WhatsApp has started a limited rollout of an integrated AI feature, providing select users with early access to Meta’s artificial intelligence technology after updating to the latest version available on the iOS App Store and Android’s Google Play Store.
  14. Which team ended Bayern Munich’s 11-year championship reign in the Bundesliga?
    A) Borussia Dortmund
    B) Bayer Leverkusen
    C) RB Leipzig
    D) Werder Bremen
    E) None of the above
    View Answer
    Option B
    Explanation:

    Xabi Alonso’s Bayer Leverkusen won their maiden Bundesliga title, ending Bayern Munich’s 11-year championship reign after a commanding 5-0 victory over Werder Bremen. This triumph marks Leverkusen’s first Bundesliga title since their German Cup victory in 1993.
  15. Who has been appointed as the new prime minister of Iceland following the resignation of Katrín Jakobsdóttir?
    A) Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson
    B) Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir
    C) Bjarni Benediktsson
    D) Vigdís Finnbogadóttir
    E) Gudni Thorlacius Johannesson
    View Answer
    Option C
    Explanation:

    Iceland has appointed Bjarni Benediktsson to replace Katrín Jakobsdóttir as prime minister after she resigned to run in the country’s upcoming presidential election.
  16. Who will serve as acting president of Vietnam following the resignation of President Vo Van Thuong?
    A) Nguyen Xuan Phuc
    B) Vo Thi Anh Xuan
    C) Nguyen Phu Trong
    D) Tran Dai Quang
    E) None of the above
    View Answer
    Option B
    Explanation:

    Vietnam’s Vice President Vo Thi Anh Xuan will serve as acting president after the previous president’s resignation a year into the position.President Vo Van Thuong resigned due to unspecified violations that hurt the perception and reputation of the party and the state, the Communist Party said.
  17. Who has been approved as the new Secretary of the Department of Posts by the Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) to replace Vineet Pandey upon his retirement?
    A) Vineet Pandey
    B) Vandita Kaul
    C) Ranjana Sahajwala
    D) None of these
    E) Aruna Sundararajan
    View Answer
    Option B
    Explanation:

    The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) has approved the appointment of Vandita Kaul (IPoS) as Secretary of Department of Posts in place of Vineet Pandey (IPoS), upon his superannuation from the post.
  18. Who is the first Prime Minister of India, after Indira Gandhi, to be featured on the cover of New York-based Newsweek magazine?
    A) Atal Bihari Vajpayee
    B) Rajiv Gandhi
    C) Manmohan Singh
    D) Narendra Modi
    E) None of the above
    View Answer
    Option D
    Explanation:

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi has featured on the cover of New York-based Newsweek magazine, making him the first prime minister of India to feature on its cover after Indira Gandhi. Former prime minister Indira Gandhi featured on the cover of the magazine’s April 1966 issue.
  19. Who was awarded the prestigious Turing Award for 2023 for his groundbreaking contributions to computer science?
    A) Avi Wigderson
    B) John von Neumann
    C) Alan Turing
    D) Donald Knuth
    E) None of the above
    View Answer
    Option A
    Explanation:

    Avi Wigderson, an Israeli mathematician renowned for his groundbreaking work in computer science, has been honoured with the esteemed Turing Award for 2023.
  20. Who has become the first Indian woman to receive the prestigious John Dirks Award in global health?
    A) Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw
    B) Sunita Narain
    C) None of these
    D) Tessy Thomas
    E) Gagandeep Kang
    View Answer
    Option E
    Explanation:

    Dr Gagandeep Kang, Director of Global Health at the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, has been selected for the prestigious John Dirks Award in global health. It is the most well-recognised global health award.She is the first Indian woman to get this award and says it is a huge honour for all the work that she and her colleagues did while at Christian Medical College, Vellore
  21. In which Indian state did the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) carry out successful trials of the Man-Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile (MPATGM) Weapon System?
    A) Odisha
    B) Rajasthan
    C) Punjab
    D) Maharashtra
    E) Gujarat
    View Answer
    Option B
    Explanation:

    The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) carried out successful trials of the Man-Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile (MPATGM) Weapon System at PFFR in Rajasthan.
  22. What is the title of the memoir by Salman Rushdie that recounts his experience of being stabbed at a public event in 2022?
    A) “Blade”
    B) “Knife”
    C) “Cut”
    D) “Stab”
    E) None of the above
    View Answer
    Option B
    Explanation:

    Celebrated British-American author Salman Rushdie is set to release his memoir “Knife”, recounting the chilling experience of being stabbed at a public event in 2022 and his journey to overcome the near-fatal ordeal.
  23. When did India observe World Quantum Day in 2024 with the aim of becoming a global leader in various fields of Quantum Science and Technology?
    A) April 14
    B) May 14
    C) June 14
    D) July 14
    E) None of the above
    View Answer
    Option A
    Explanation:

    India celebrates World Quantum Day 2024 on April 14, 2024, with aspirations to become a global leader in various fields of Quantum Science and Technology.

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